Scientific Names , scientific name , Binomial nomenclature : For personal names in the Roman Empire, “Latin name” redirects here. In taxonomy, binomial nomenclature, also called binomial nomenclature or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they may be based on words from other languages. Such a name may be a binomial name (which may be shortened to simply “binomial”), binomial, binomial name, or scientific name; More informally it is also called the Latin name.
Scientific Names – Scientific name – Binomial nomenclature:
First part of name generic name – identifies the genus to which the species belongs,
While the second part specific name or specific epithet – Identifies species within a genus. For example, modern humans belong to the genus Homo and the species within this genus is Homo sapiens. Tyrannosaurus rex is probably the most widely known bipedal. The formal introduction of this system of naming species is attributed to Carl Linnaeus, effectively starting in 1753 with his work Species Plantarum. But as early as 1622, Gaspard Bauhin introduced several names in his book Pinax théato botanique (English, Explication of Illustrated Plants). The genera were later adopted by Linnaeus.
The application of binomial nomenclature is now governed by various internationally agreed rules, the two most important of which are the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature for animals (ICZN) and the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants (ICNafp). Although the general principles underlying binomial nomenclature are common to these two codes, there are some differences, both in the terminology they use and in their special rules.
In modern usage, the first letter of a generic name is always capitalized in writing, whereas a proper noun is not, even when derived from a proper noun such as a person or place name. Similarly, both parts are written in normal text (or underlined in handwriting). Thus the binomial name of annual phlox (named after the botanist Thomas Drummond) is now spelled as Phlox drummondii. Often, after a species name is introduced in a text, the generic name is abbreviated to the first letter in subsequent citations (Ex, P.drummondii).
In scientific works, the right to name a binomial is usually given, at least when it is first mentioned, and the year of publication may be specified.
“Patella Vulgata Linnaeus, 1758”. The name “Linnaeus” refers to the reader who published the name and description for this species of marginalia; 1758 is the year the name and original description were published (in this case, in the 10th edition of the book Systema Naturae). “Passer domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758)”. The original name given by Linnaeus was Fringilla domestica; Parentheses indicate that the species is now placed in a separate genus. The ICZN does not require that the name of the person who changed the genus be given, nor the date on which the change was made, although nomenclature lists usually include such information.
“Amaranthus retroflexus L.” – “Ale.” is the standard abbreviation used for “Linnaeus”.
“Hyacinthoides italica (L.) Rothum.” – Linnaeus first named this bluebell species as Scilla italica; Rothemler transferred it to the genus Hyacinthoides; ICNafp does not require that publication dates be specified either.
Scientific Names – Scientific name – Binomial nomenclature:
1. Humans – Homo sapiens
2. Frog-Rana tigrina
3. Cat – Felis domestica
4. Dog-Canis Familiars
5. Cow-Boss Indicus
6. Buffalo-Bubalus bubalis
7.Bull-Bos Primiginius Tarsus
8. Goat-Kepta Hitmus
10. Pig-Sussfroca domestica
11. Lion-Panthera Leo
12. Tiger – Panthera tigris
13. Cheetah-Panthera pardus
14. Bear – Ursus matitimus carnivora
15. Rabbit – Oryctolagus cuniculus
16.Deer- Cervus elaphus
17. Camel – Camelus domedarius
22. Mango – Magnifera Indica
24. Wheat-tricticum aestivum
25. Pea – Pisum sativium
30.Lotus-Nelumbo nucifera Garten
31. Banyan – Ficus bendhalensis
32. Horse – Equus caballus
33. Sugarcane-Sugarens officinarum
34. Onion-Allium Sepia
36. Groundnut – Arachis hyspsopeiae
37. Coffee – Coffea arabica
40. Turmeric-Curcuma longa
41. Mecca-Zia table
42. Tomato-Lycopressin esculentum
44. Apple-melus pumia/domestica
45. Pear – Pyrus cuminis
46. Saffron-Crocus sativus
47. Cashew – Anacardium aromaticum
48. Carrot-Dacus Carota
50. Cauliflower – Brassica oleracea
51. Garlic-Allium Ceraivan
53. Millet – Pennisetum americanum
54. Red pepper-Capsium annuum
55. Black Pepper – Piper Nigrum
56. Almond-Prunus armenica
57. Cardamom – Eletaria cordemomum
59. Radish – Raphanus sativus
60. Jamun-Shyzygium cumini
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FAQ – Scientific Names
Q. What is the scientific name?
Ans. In biology, binomial nomenclature (scientific name) is a formal system of naming species. a swedish biologist named carl linnaeus Scientist was the first to choose to use this two-name nomenclature system. he first for Name specific to a genus and specific to a species Name was chosen.
Q. What is the scientific name of foreign cow?
Ans. scientific name of cow Bos Indicus is.
Q. What is the scientific name of Kamal?
Q. What is the scientific name of Man and Pea?
Ans. scientific name of pea Pisum sativum is. Pea It is a dicotyledonous plant bearing a flower. Knots are found in its root.
Q. What is the scientific name of starfish?
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